Common Terminology

Learning Disability – a neurobiological disorder in which a person’s brain works or is structured differently. These differences interfere with a person’s ability to think and remember. Learning disabilities can affect a person’s ability to speak, listen, read, write, spell, reason, recall, organize information, and do mathematics.

Dyslexia – Dyslexia is a brain-based type of learning disability that specifically impairs a person’s ability to read. These individuals typically read at levels significantly lower than expected despite having normal intelligence. Although the disorder varies from person to person, common characteristics among people with dyslexia are difficulty with spelling, phonological processing (the manipulation of sounds), and/or rapid visual-verbal responding.

Dysgraphia – A learning disability that affects writing.  It can manifest itself as difficulties with spelling, poor handwriting and trouble putting thoughts on paper.

Section 504 – Section 504 is part of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and is a broad civil rights law which protects individuals with disabilities in any agency, school, or institution receiving federal funds from discrimination and establishes their right to have the opportunity to full participate with their peers.