Dyslexia is a reading disorder that is characterized by struggles with accurate and/or fluent word recognition, poor spelling, and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language. The reading difficulties experienced by a dyslexic student are unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. This means, that the student has had adequate instruction and show no processing issues or other academic struggles, but has significant difficulties in reading, writing, and spelling.
Students identified as having dyslexia typically experience primary difficulties in phonological awareness, including phonemic awareness and manipulation, single-word reading, reading fluency, and spelling. Consequences may include difficulties in reading comprehension and/or written expression. Again, these difficulties in phonological awareness are unexpected for the student’s age and educational level. Additionally, there is often a family history of similar difficulties.
The following are the primary reading/spelling characteristics of dyslexia:
- Difficulty reding words in isolation
- Difficulty accurately decoding unfamiliar words
- Difficulty with oral reading (slow, inaccurate, or labored)
- Difficulty spelling
The reading/spelling characteristics are most often associated with the following:
- Segmenting, blending, and manipulating sounds in words (phonemic awareness)
- learning the names of letters and their associated sounds
- Holding information about sounds and words in memory (phonological memory)
- Rapidly recalling the names of familiar objects, colors, or letters of the alphabet (rapid naming)
** Information taken from the TEA Dyslexia Handbook 2014
Diagnostic Learning Services offers specific evaluations to assess for dyslexia. In addition, we will use the assessment information to makes relevant recommendations for both school and home. Call today for more information about how we assess and diagnose dyslexia.
Diagnostic Learning Services has been assessing children and adults since 2004. We have locations in Plano, Fort Worth, Houston, The Woodlands, and Austin. Call today to see how we can help!